eSignature Legality Guide
eSignature Legality in Chile
Electronic signatures are legally recognized in Chile and are provided for in Law 19.799 on electronic documents, electronic signature and certification services of such signature (“Electronic Signature Law”), Decree 181/2002, which establishes the Regulations of the Electronic Signature Law ("Regulations of the Electronic Signature Law"), and Law No. 21,180, on Digital Transformation of the State ("Digital Transformation Law").
E-Signature Legality Summary
The Electronic Signature Law regulates electronic documents and their legal effects, the use of electronic signatures, the provision of certification services for these signatures and the accreditation procedure to which the providers of such certification services may be subject, in order to guarantee the security of their use (Art 1°). This law provides the conceptual framework for the application of electronic signatures, providing definitions of concepts such as "Electronic Signature Certificate", "Certifier or Certification Service Provider", "Electronic Document", "Electronic Signature", "Advanced Electronic Signature", among others (Art 2°). The Regulations of the Electronic Signature Law specify and provide technical content to the various provisions of the Law.
Types of Electronic Signature
The Electronic Signature Law establishes that an electronic signature is "any sound, symbol or electronic process, which allows the receiver of an electronic document to identify at least formally its author." A distinction is made between a simple electronic signature and an Advanced Electronic Signature, which is "certified by an accredited provider, which has been created using means that the holder keeps under his exclusive control, so that it is linked only to him and to the data to which it refers, allowing the subsequent detection of any modification, verifying the identity of the holder and preventing him from not knowing the integrity of the document and its authorship."
Both the simple Electronic Signature and the Advanced Electronic Signature require an “Electronic Signature Certificate,” to “attest  the link between the signer or holder of the certificate and the creation data of the electronic signature.” The difference between the simple Electronic Signature and the Advanced Electronic Signature is that while the Advanced Electronic Signature is one that is certified by an accredited provider and allows any document and instrument—whether private or public—to be digitally signed, the simple Electronic Signature is any electronic signature that is not advanced (and that, therefore, has not been issued by an accredited provider).
Documents That May be Signed Electronically
The following categories can be signed using just a simple Electronic Signature (which as noted above, requires use of an Electronic Signature Certificate):
Documents to Notarized
Documents to be Recorded
Certain electronic documents can only be signed with an Advanced Electronic Signature, such as:
Forms for the incorporation, modification, dissolution, or annotations of companies;
Public documents in electronic format (e.g., a Civil Registry certificate or a certificate from the Real Estate Registrar); and
Judicial mandate granted in electronic document
The following should also be considered to have restrictions attached when using electronic or Advanced Electronic Signatures:
Documents to be Notarized
DISCLAIMER: The information on this site is for general information purposes only and is not intended to serve as legal advice. Laws governing the subject matter may change quickly, so DocuSign cannot guarantee that all the information on this site is current or correct. Should you have specific legal questions about any of the information on this site, you should consult with a licensed attorney in your area.
Last updated: September 7, 2021
Request More Info
Talk to our Sales Team about all of your business needs.